You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 27which are based on Passage below. Stress of Workplace A. How busy is too busy? For some it means having to miss the occasional long lunch; for others, it means missing lunch altogether. Then there is a group of people for whom working every evening and weekend is normal, and frantic is the tempo of their lives.

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For most senior executives, workloads swing between extremely busy and frenzied. Three warning signs alert Plumridge about his workload: sleep, scheduling and family. But for any individual, the perception of being too busy over a prolonged period can start showing up as stress: disturbed sleep, and declining mental and physical health.

Employees suffering stress are off work an average of The effects of stress are also expensive. Experts say the key to dealing with stress is not to focus on relief — a game of golf or a massage — but to reassess workloads.

Neil Plumridge says he makes it a priority to work out what has to change; that might mean allocating extra resources to a job, allowing more time or changing expectations. The decision may take several days. He also relies on the advice of colleagues, saying his peers coach each other with business problems.

Executive product image gallery with thumbnails codepen is not confined to big organisations. Vanessa Stoykov has been running her own advertising and public relations business for seven years, specialising in work for financial and professional services firms.

Evolution Media has grown so fast that it debuted on the BRW Fast list of fastest-growing small enterprises last year — just after Stoykov had her first child. Stoykov thrives on the mental stimulation of running her own business. Identify the causes: Jan Elsnera, Melbourne psychologist who specialises in executive coaching, says thriving on a demanding workload is typical of senior executives and other high-potential business people. She says there is no one-size-fits-all approach to stress: some people work best with high-adrenalin periods followed by quieter patches, while others thrive under sustained pressure.

Good stress, or positive experiences of being challenged and rewarded, is thus cumulative in the same way as bad stress. Elsner says many of the senior business people she coaches are relying more on regulating bad stress through methods such as meditation and yoga.

New research indicates that people may be hard-wired to do it. A study in the February issue of the Journal of Experimental Psychology shows that people always believe they will be less busy in the future than now. That is, they discount future time investments relatively steeply.

The researchers suggest that people underestimate completion times for tasks stretching into the future, and that they are bad at imagining the future competition for their time.

Question Use the information in the passage to match the people listed A-D with opinions or deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-D in boxes on your answer sheet. You may use any letter more than once. Work stress usually happens in the high level of a business.

Stress leads to a wrong direction when trying to satisfy customers. It is not correct that stress in the future will be eased more than now. Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet. Which of the following workplace stress is NOT mentioned according to Plumridge in the following options. Alteration of appointment Which of the following solution is NOT mentioned in helping reduce the work pressure according to Plumridge. Do sports and massage One well designed solution can release all stress Question Complete the following summary.It has several facial expressions, including happy, sad, frightened and disgusted.

Cog has a head, eyes, two arms, hands and a torso — and its proportions were originally measured from the body of a researcher in the lab. The work on Cog has been used to test theories of embodiment and developmental robotics, particularly getting a robot to develop intelligence by responding to its environment via sensors, and to learn through these types of interactions.

MIT is getting furthest down the road to creating human-like and interactive robots. Some scientists argue that ASIMO is a great engineering feat but not an intelligent machine — because it is unable to interact autonomously with unpredictabilities in its environment in meaningful ways, and learn from experience.

These are exciting developments. Creating a machine that can walk, make gestures and learn from its environment is an amazing achievement. And watch this space: these achievements are likely rapidly to be improved upon.

Humanoid robots could have a plethora of uses in society, helping to free people from everyday tasks. In Japan, for example, there is an aim to create robots that can do the tasks similar to an average human and also act in more sophisticated situations as firefighters, astronauts or medical assistants to the elderly in the workplace and in homes — partly in order to counterbalance the effects of an ageing population.

Such robots say much about the way in which we view humanity, and they bring out the best and worst of us. On one hand, these developments express human creativity — our ability to invent, experiment, and to extend our control over the world.

On the other hand, the aim to create a robot like a human being is spurred on by dehumanized ideas — by the sense that human companionship can be substituted by machines; that humans lose their humanity when they interact with technology; or that we a little more than surface and ritual behaviors, that can be simulated with metal and electrical circuits. Reading passage 1 has six paragraphs, A-F. Write the correct letter, A-Fin boxes on your answer sheet. Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage 1.

Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet. While Japan is making great progress, MIT is developing robots that are human-like and can 9 ………………………. What is special about Kismet is that it has different 10 ……………………… which can be read by human interlocutors. By responding to the surroundings through 12 ……………………. You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.Take substance addiction, for example.

The old idea of incarcerating the addict away from any drugs proved faulty as this did not prevent relapses when back in society.

For non-professionals with people in their lives who are suffering from some form of addiction, the importance now is in focussing on supporting their recovery, not enabling their dependence.

List of Headings i. A change in methods ii. The falling level of addiction iii.

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Biological changes and associated risks iv. The long term damage of addiction v. Disagreements about definition vi. Advice for those involved vii. The changing nature of addiction in children viii. The lack of clarity in modem interpretations of addiction ix.

Modern label for taking addiction to extremes x. Paragraph G Questions 7 Answer the questions below. Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet. It is increasingly difficult to differentiate between an addiction and what? Earthquakes, tsunami and volcanoes are some of natures more cataclysmic risks, but fade in comparison to the dangers presented by the more aggressive flora and fauna around the world.

It is interesting to note, however, that when bred in captivity, the dart frog is not actually poisonous — it generates its protection from its diet of poisonous ants, centipedes and mites. In the snake world, the most lethal is the Inland Taipan. Able to kill up to humans with the intensity of the toxin in one bite, it can cause death in as little as 45 minutes. In the arachnid world, the spider that has been identified as being the most venomous is the Brazilian wandering spider.

Found mainly in waters in the Indo-Pacific area, they are notorious in Australia and have even been seen as far south as New Zealand. The Brazilian Wandering spider kills more people every year than any other venomous creature. When is this happening? With whom is this happening? Our programming is the base of our character, but this is then built on by our beliefs, remembering that for someone to believe something does not necessarily mean it is true.

If you feel that someone involved is being unfair or unreasonable, then a solution could over-compensate for this, which of course would not be effective in the long run. This involves not only those attitudes that are resistant to change, but also the daily modifications in how we feel — our mood. Questions 27 — 33 Match each statement with the correct person.

List of People A.

home the new workplace ielts reading answers

Marie Scrive B. Martin Hewings C. Garen Filke D. Anne Wicks E. A successful solution can only be found when there is a clear corporate structure for decision making. Decisions made without full consideration of the details are a potential by-product of pressure.November 22, November 16, November 14, November 8, November 1, May 29, October 25, March 31, March 27, March 23, March 20, October 19, June 7, June 4, May 28, May 31, May 24, March 18, April 13, March 2, March 24, May 26, May 22, May 17, May 16, April 17, April 14, Internationally renowned chefs.

Affordable menus. Variety of cuisines. Local and home made produce used. Separate areas for business lunches. Special occasions welcome — birthday, anniversary, get-together. Special outdoor sitting arrangement on the slope of the hill.

Enjoy the views with family and friends! Open weekdays, weekends and public holidays. Fine foods — enjoy in comfort, at your own Mexican dining table! Excellent parking facilities.Though not without some associated problems, these changes may be viewed generally as positive: child labour all but ceased, wages rose, the number of working hours in a week decreased, pension policies became standard, fringe benefits multiplied and concerns over health and safety issues were enforced.

In particular, there were important developments in methodology and data gathering. Additionally, there was a major expansion of the data collection effort — more people became involved in learning about the workplace; and, for the first time, results started to be published. This being the case, at the end of the century, not only were most workers better off than their early 20th century predecessors had been, but they were also in a position to understand how and why this was the case.

Cambridge IELTS 14 Reading Test 1 Answers

By carefully analyzing the statistical data made available, specific changes in the workplace - not least regarding the concept of what "work" should involve - became clearly discernible.

C The most obvious changes to the workplace involved the size and composition of the countries' workforces. Registering only 24 million in and including labourers of age ten and up and million aged 16 and olderthe size of America's workforce, for instance, increased by almost six-fold — in line with its overall population growth.

At the same time, the composition of the workforce shifted from industries dominated by primary production occupations, such as farmers and foresters, to those dominated by professional, technical and, in particular, service workers. D In Europe, much the same process occurred.

In the 's, in every European country, bar Britain and Belgium, more than 20 per cent of the population worked in agriculture. By the 's, however, the farming populations of all developed countries, excluding Eastern Europe, had dropped to ten per cent and often even lower. At the same time, capital intensive farming using highly mechanized techniques dramatically reduced the numbers needed to farm there.

E And therein lay the problem. While the workplace became a safer and more productive environment, a world away from the harsh working conditions of our forefathers, the switch from an agricultural to a modern working environment also created massive unemployment in many countries. Fundamental to this problem was the widespread move from the countryside to the city.

Having lost their livelihoods, the world's peasant populations amassed in ever larger numbers in already crowded communities, where rates of job growth failed to keep up with internal migration.

As a result, thousands were left squatting in shanty towns on the periphery of cities, waiting for jobs that might never arrive. While this was and is particularly true of Third World countries, the same phenomenon could also be witnessed in several American, French, English and German cities in the late 20th century.

F From a different and more positive perspective, in the 20th century, women became visible and active members of all sectors of the Western workplace. The list of technological improvements in the workplace is endless: communication and measuring devices, computers of all shapes and sizes, x-ray, lasers, neon lights, stainless steel, and so on and on. Such improvements led to a more productive, safer work environment. Moreover, the fact that medicine improved so dramatically led to an increase in the average lifespan among Western populations.

In turn, workers of very different ages were able to work shoulder to shoulder, and continue in their jobs far longer. H By the end of 20th century, the Western workplace had undergone remarkable changes.

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In general, both men and women worked fewer hours per day for more years under better conditions. Yet, the power of agriculture had waned as farmers and foresters moved to cities to earn greater salaries as annalists and accountants.

For those who could not make this transition, however, life at the dawn of the new century seemed less appealing. Write the answer on your answer sheet from Several changes took place in the working environment in the 20th century: Because of the improvement in both the methodology and the carrying out of data collection, The most significant changes to the work environment in the West concerned its A particularly significant change to the 20th-century workplace came via Questions Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage?One of the scourges of the modern world is the length of time we take commuting to and from work.

home the new workplace ielts reading answers

In large cities this can mean losing three or more hours every day just traveling from home to work and back again. Surely there is an alternative! Liz Sewell spoke to several people who have already made the change to this modern-day workplace to try and find out more.

Scott Miller is a year-old draughtsman who has been working from home for the past two years. I had been working for the same firm for seven years and decided to approach my bosses. My track record probably helped because they accepted the proposition. Also my wife is happy, and her career is blossoming. Interestingly, I feel that I work even better from home, so much so that even though our son is now at school, I still work there.

However, is working from home as simple as it sounds? Transferring work to a different workplace is only part of the equation for Joanne McCarthy, who until three months ago was a Human Resources Manager for a large public corporation.

She has now become a full-time trader on the stock market. She says she loves the freedom that working from home gives her, but she really misses the social interaction. I spend all day on the computer checking the prices of my stocks.

By evening, I am desperate to talk to my husband — even if it is only about what he has been doing all day. Meeting friends for coffee or for lunch meets my social needs, but work is still a large part of my life. Louise Tate is an accountant and used to commute an hour each way to her office before deciding there had to be a better way.

For her, the biggest problem with working from home was distractions. So I came up with a novel idea-my husband thought I was mad, but I had a separate entrance built to the office.

At the beginning of my workday, I go out of the front door of our house, lock it, and then walk around to the office. Now I feel that I am really at work, and my productivity has increased as a result. I know it sounds strange, but it works for me. People choose to work from home for a multitude of reasons. Take the example of George Mercer, who owns seven cafes within a 7 mile radius of downtown Miami. He has based his office in his Fort Lauderdale beachfront home, and keeps in contact with his various managers by phone, fax and email.

With modern telecommunications nowadays, I am always able to contact my premises and order provisions from my suppliers. They get a change of scenery.Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? Key Words in Question. Similar Words in the Passage. Q1 : The Brash business originally sold pianos.

His father, Alfred, ran the Brash retail music business that had been founded in by his grandfather, the German immigrant Marcus Brash, specializing in pianos. The given statement is correct information, therefore, the answer is TRUE. He worked for a time at Myer department stores before joining the family business in Q3: Alfred Brash thought that his son wasted money. Therefore, the answer for this question is TRUE. Q4: By the time Geoff Brash took controlthe Brash business was selling some electrical products.

When Geoff Brash took over as managing director inthe company had two stores. The third sentence of paragraph 4 refers that Geoff Brash took over as managing director in Therefore, what is mentioned in the beginning of paragraph 4 refers to what the Brash business sold before Geoff Brash took control.

The given statement is consistent with the information found in the passage; hence, the answer is TRUE.

Q5 : Geoff Brash had ambitions to open Brash stores in other countries. Which arrangement did Alfred Brash set up for his employees? Which Japanese company did Geoff Brash collaborate with? What style of music did Geoff Brash help to promote in China? When did the Brash company finally stop doing business?

Q6: Which arrangement did Alfred Brash set up for his employees? Note: The answer should be a noun. It is mentioned that Alfred Brash introduced a share scheme for his staff, which means the arrangement Alfred Brash set up for his employees was share scheme. Q7: Which Japanese company did Geoff Brash collaborate with? Note: After scanning, we can locate the information in the last sentence of paragraph 6.

We should notice some keywords here. Note: The answer can be found in paragraph 7. Q9: What style of music did Geoff Brash help to promote in China? The answer must be a style of music.

IELTS Reading Practice Test 42 with Answers

Q When did the Brash company finally stop doing business? Therefore, the answer for this question is Q A non-commercial organization providing support for music and music. The blank should be filled by a noun. We should notice some synonyms here.