The big question was: How authoritative is the oral law? The Pharisees accepted the oral law along with the Torah, and it was believed to be equally inspired and authoritative, and all of the explanatory and supplementary material produced by, and contained within were the oral tradition. This material began to emerge during the Babylonian Captivity that was brought upon the Jewish people.
The Captivity was explained as divine punishment for the neglect of the law, and many during this period earnestly turned to the law.
During the Captivity or Exile, detailed commentaries on the law appeared in the form of innumerable and highly specific restrictions that were designed to "build a hedge" around the written Torah and thus guard against any possible violation of the Torah by ignorance or accident. The situation that the Jews were in Post-Exilic Periodand how they were to deal with it exactly, was not clearly written in the Torah, according to some Jewish authorities.
A new legislation had to be produced from that which already existed.
The Top 10 Weirdest Old Testament Laws
It was like an evolution of traditions that would continue to grow, and would finally achieve written form as the "Mishnah" in A. During the time of Jesus the oral law came to be revered so highly that it was said to go back to Moses himself and to have been transmitted over the centuries orally, paralleling the written law that also derived from him.
This is exactly what the Pharisees believed, and also it was these "traditions" that Jesus condemned. Josephus said several times that the Pharisees were "experts in the interpretation of the Law" Josephus, Life, Of the various sects the Pharisees were regarded as "the most accurate interpreters of the laws" Josephus, War II.
Josephus further specifies that it was exactly this obsession with "regulations handed down by former generations and not recorded in the Laws of Moses" Josephus, Antiq. Jesus continually referred to the oral law as the "tradition of the elders" or the "tradition of men" Matt ; Mark ; also see Josephus, Antiq. Some examples in the New Testament alluding to the scrupulous concern of the Pharisees with the minutia of their legalism are: The tithing of herbs Matt ; Luke The Pharisees.
Bible History Online. Table of Contents. The Name. Their Origin. Their History. Their Teaching. Their Influence.
Their Practices. Their Dress. Their Traditions.Do you ever just shake your head over some of the rules you find in business, or other parts of life for that matter. What sort of dummy would ever dream up some of these silly, but restricting rules? The Pharisees were the interpreters and keepers of Mosaic Law. A few years ago I was working in a retail store selling expensive specialty goods. Now, in many retail establishments, overtime is an absolute no-no. This fellow was a really smart guy!
What a dummy. It was a big deal for a very good customer. BUT, I worked 15 minutes of overtime. Now, I could have clocked out, concluded the sale and all would have been fine.
I was in a bit of a pickle. So I finished the sale and clocked out about 10 minutes late we rounded to the nearest qtr hour. Zero overtime means zero overtime. I asked for some training. Guess Jesus was a bit surly with the Pharisees, too. He performed work on the Sabbath.
He basically called them a bunch of dummies. Jesus was particularly hard on the Pharisees, much more so than the Sadducees. The Pharisees were the experts, keepers and interpreters of The Law. More than anyone, the Pharisees should have known better. Dumb, dumb, dumb!
Pingback: Matt easternhillsblog. Reblogged this on ChristianBlessings. Oh how I wish people would wake up and realize this central truth. The Gospel of Christ is not a legal document. I can explore the depths and complexities of Christianity as well as most.
As an auditor who was monitoring compliance in the workplace for many years, laws and rules it is generally agreed are made to be broken. We should be their masters and not let them be the master. Flexibility must afford common-sense exceptions else we become slaves to paranoia.
That flexibility was the difference between WIN WIN audits and audits which failed to fulfil the purpose of optimizing controls in the workplace. Thanks for the visit and comment. Reblogged this on …all for God's Glory and commented:. Note: This is a great blog from a fellow blogger friend who cuts right to the chase about legalists.
How true. This message is right on the money. Spot on.Like any other contract, Leviticus is boring. But it also has its moments. Some of the Old Testament Laws are quite bizarre. If she did, her hand would have to be cut off. Eating most bugs was forbidden, but insects with jointed legs for hopping were okay. This included locusts, crickets, katydids, and grasshoppers, Leviticus says. However, drinking the blood of animals is an abomination, according to Leviticus So all of you Twilight fans who were Team Edward, because he mercifully only drank the blood of animals, were wrong.
Some interpreters see this as a ban on mixing meat and cheese. Additionally, Leviticus permits the eating of animals with divided hooves that chew the cud only. Are you one of those teens who cussed their parents under their breath, or snuck out to a party without permission?
In Exodusa kid who cursed their parents was to be put to death, and in Deuteronomyrebellious teens could be stoned by the townsfolk. Not too many people prefer the reverse mohawk look, but apparently God does. In Leviticus the prescribed holy haircut involved not cutting the hair on the sides of the head, or trimming the edge of the beard. This look would help the Israelites stand out from the people of the other nations. The three vows included no eating grape products wine, raisins, etc.
But what if someone randomly died in your presence? Too bad. According to Numbers and 18 you had to shave off your long hair and burn it in a fire, and you could never be a Nazirite again.
According to Numbersif a man suspected his wife was having an affair, but had no physical proof, he could take her to the priest. The priest would sweep some dust off the Tabernacle floor, and mix it into a vessel of water, and make the wife drink it. It would lead them to realize that they needed a Savior. At the perfect time, God sent his one and only beloved Son into the world, Jesus Christ, who lived perfectly according to the Law. You forgot the one where if a woman menstruates she is defiled for 7 days.
No man my touch her and wherever she lies or sits on, that is also defiled. So if a man sits in a public seat or airplane seat where a woman sat on, he is defiled till noon. Go figure. Oh, Shabbat is definitely not Sunday, so you can do your moving then.
For real. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. We begin with two… uh, shall we say ballsy laws. Keep your hands off the goods, ladies.Watch the video above and talk about it with a group or mentor.
Learn more. The Pharisees were a group of zealous Jews who were contemporaries of Jesus Christ. They believed that the way they would please God and make it to heaven was by meticulously following a long list of religious rules and regulations. The most famous part of the Torah is the 10 Commandmentsbut these are actually just 10 of a total of commandments given to the ancient Israelites.
While following commandments would be hard enough, over time Jewish leaders began to slowly add to these laws in the Mishnah the English video for this topic mistakenly refers to the Mishnah as the Midrash; see excursus 1 below for more. This additional teaching is an ongoing compilation of sermons and sayings by Jewish rabbis meant to interpret the original Mosaic Law. The original intent of these additions was to clarify the law, but it ended up adding many layers of complicated regulations.
So for the Pharisees, they not only tried to follow the commandments of the Mosaic Law, but the literally thousands of new commandments that were created to clarify the original commandments. What is a midrash? For example, in the Mosaic Law, one of the commandments is to keep the Sabbath holywhich means that Jews were not supposed to work on Saturdays. So to follow the rule of not working on the Sabbath, there are literally thousands of sub-rules to follow, including how many steps you can take, and how many letters you can write on the Sabbath.
They prided themselves on following not just the letter of the Mosaic Law, but even the letter of the Mishnah. These included laws about what to eat, what to wear, circumcision, how to pray out loud, etc. Outwardly you look like righteous people, but inwardly your hearts are filled with hypocrisy and lawlessness.
For Christians today, we should take care not to fall into the trap of Pharisaism — caring more about the letter of the law than the true meaning and power behind it. Matthew What sorrow awaits you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees.
The video for this topic mistakenly refers to the Mishnah as the Midrash. See more here. The PG Community channel is where we gather videos from trusted YouTubers who aren't yet official authors on our site.
Come prepared. Watch the video before you meet with your family, group, or mentor. Bring your ideas and opinions — but be ready to hear from God and others. Discover truth. Expect to gain a biblical perspective on just about any topic. Take action. The Rules of the Pharisees. The Pharisees truly wanted to honor God, but ultimately missed the point.
Read more. Read less. Talk About It. What is your initial reaction to this topic? What jumped out at you?
Why do people find legalism and rule-following appealing?Concerning Sabbath observance, the Mishnah lists 39 primary kinds of labor that were not allowed on the Sabbath day Shabbath 7. The first 11 of these were steps leading to the production and preparation of bread: sowing, plowing, reaping, binding sheaves, threshing, winnowing, selecting, grinding, sifting, kneading, and baking. The next 12 apply to similar steps in the preparation of clothing, from the shearing of sheep to the actual sewing of garments.
These are followed by 7 steps in preparing the carcass of a deer for use as food or for leather. The remaining items listed have to do with writing, building, kindling and extinguishing of fires. And also they deal with the transportation of articles from one place to another. In addition to these major regulations, there were countless other provisions concerning the observance of the Sabbath.
It was also counted as Sabbath breaking to look in a mirror fixed to the wall Shabbath a, Soncino ed. And also looking even to light a candle. Sadly, these same regulations permitted an egg laid on the Sabbath to be sold to a Gentile. And allowed for a Gentile to be hired to light a candle or a fire. The Pharisees were continually employing the letter of man-made laws to destroy the spirit of the law of God. The Sabbath, was designed by God to give man an opportunity to know his Maker.
It allowed for time to reflect upon His love, mercy and bountiful blessings. But instead of it reflecting the character of God. The Sabbath became a reflection of the cruel character of Pharisees and scribes.
The Lord teaches that regarding Sabbath rules, whatever draws us closer to Him, helps us to understand His will, and leads to the happiness and well-being of others—this would be true Sabbath observance Isa. Many regarded these traditions more important than the laws of Moses and the Ten Commandments. The Pharisees legalistically taught that salvation was to be obtained through observance of these rules.
This system of righteousness by works was in complete opposition with righteousness by faith. During His ministry, Jesus was in conflict with the Jewish leaders over the validity of their man-made laws and traditions Mark3, 8. Jesus kept the law of Moses and the Ten Commandments in every way.
And He taught His followers to do the same.
He confirmed the binding nature of the moral law. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. And He also recognized also the validity of the ritual law of Moses as applicable to Jews Matthew In the old days, the Pharisees were a sect of religious leaders known for emphasizing strict interpretation and observance of the Mosaic law.
Jesus was not a fan. He accused the Pharisees of following the letter of the law without understanding its spirit. In fact, he went so far as to claim that the Pharisees missed the point completely. In one story of the Bible, Jesus happens upon a man with a withered hand.
What man is there among you who has a sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will he not take hold of it and lift it out? How much more valuable then is a man than a sheep! So then, it is lawful to do good on a the Sabbath.
The Pharisees go away grumbling, plotting how to murder Jesus. Have you ever placed more emphasis on rules than results? Did anybody appreciate that position?
What are some Sabbath observance rules that the Pharisees made?
Rules are important, and the law is certainly important, but a willingness to solve a problem creatively is just as important, and none of these is mutually exclusive.
Of course, the irony is that Jesus knew the rules and followed them perfectly. It was the Pharisees, while making up rules to protect the rules, who lost sight of what was true. Good HR does not operate in a vacuum. And g ood HR does not exist to perpetuate itself or its rules. For the past 15 years, Crystal has focused on building HR departments in small- to mid-sized companies under the philosophy that "HR is not for wimps.
Contact her at crs aim. Are you a HR Pharisee? Article Continues Below Sponsored Content. Conversational AI, automation, and chatbots are already making a difference for recruiting departments The latest report from TLNT, underwritten by Mya Systems, shows how organizations are utilizing these new technologies to drive real results.
Download the report! All Rights Reserved.One of the most important rituals observed among the Jews was the keeping of the Sabbath.
The word "Sabbath" is the Hebrew word for "rest. The Sabbath was to be a day in which all men ceased from their labors and gave themselves to a remembrance of the Lord. However, the Pharisees in the days of Jesus had changed the Sabbath into something it was never meant to be. In their desire to protect and to uphold the law, they built a hedge around the keeping of the Sabbath.
They had written up chapter upon chapter concerning what it meant to keep the Sabbath. It is against this cultural and religious backdrop that we have two specific events in the ministry of Jesus.
Both of these events are found side by side in all three of the Synoptic Gospels Matthew ; Luke Took place in a synagogue. The disciples picked grain and ate it - this was considered harvesting.
Jesus healed a man with a withered hand. A verbal accusation was made against the disciples. No verbal accusation made, but Jesus speaks to the accusations which they held in their hearts.I Broke Dumb Laws In Front Of Police
In each of these two cases, Jesus shows that He and His disciples have not really been guilty of breaking the Sabbath - that their actions are completely consistent with the Law of the Sabbath. This is important.
Jesus is not doing away with the Sabbath. He is not saying, "Forget about worshiping God one day a week. The issue is not whether one should or should not keep the Sabbath. The issue is the nature of the Sabbath.
Now it happened that He was passing through some grainfields on a Sabbath; and His disciples were picking the heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands, and eating the grain. And Jesus answering them said, "Have you not even read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him, 4 how he entered the house of God, and took and ate the consecrated bread which is not lawful for any to eat except the priests alone, and gave it to his companions?
It was the season of the harvest in Palestine. As Jesus and His disciples walked through one of the many grainfields, some of the disciples began to pick kernels of grain, rub them in their hands to break open the husks, and then eat them. This was perfectly legal. They were neither trespassing or stealing.
Likewise, you could pluck the heads of grain with your hands, but you could not bring in heavy equipment to begin your own harvesting operation on his land. Deuteronomy The purpose of this law was so that those who were poor and who were traveling a long way would have a means of eating. It served as a public welfare system to make certain that no one would ever go hungry. Farmers were prohibited from harvesting their entire fields.